Application Note : LDO Regulators (Linear Regulators)
When using a capacitor with large capacity value in VOUT side, the VOUT pin voltage might not immediately fall to the ground level when the CE pin is switched from the active mode to the standby mode.
By adding N-channel transistor to the output circuit (shown in blue circles in the diagram below), the auto-discharge function quickly lowers the VOUT to the ground level by releasing the electrical charge accumulated in the external capacitor.
This auto-discharge function can be combined with the system shutdown sequence.
When the CE pin is in the active mode, the LDO regulator is operating.
The P-channel transistor circled in light blue is ON.
The N-channel transistor circled in blue that provides the Auto-discharge function is OFF.
When the CE pin is in the disable mode, the LDO regulator is in the standby mode.
When in standby mode the P-channel transistor circled in light blue turns OFF and stops the LDO regulator output from the VOUT pin.
The N-channel transistor circled in blue that provides the auto-discharge function turns ON and the charge in the output capacitor connected to the VOUT pin is rapidly discharged to the ground pin.
It is called the "Auto-discharge function".
Without the Auto-discharge function
With the Auto-discharge function