The R5486 is a high voltage tolerance CMOS-based protection IC for over-charge/discharge and over-current of rechargeable one-cell Lithium-ion (Li+)/Lithium polymer battery. The R5486 can detect over-charge/discharge of Li+ one-cell and excess load current and charge current, further, include a short circuit protector for preventing large external short circuit current. The R5486 consists of five voltage detectors, a reference unit, a delay circuit, a short circuit detector, an oscillator, a counter, and a logic circuit.
When the R5486 detects over-charge or over-charge current, the output of COUT pin switches to “L” level, of the charger’s negative pin level after the internal fixed delay time. When the R5486 detects over-discharge or excess discharge current, the output of DOUT pin switches to “L” level after the internal fixed delay time.
After detecting over-charge or excess charge current, the R5486 can be reset and the output of COUT becomes “H” after the charger is disconnected from the battery pack, and the cell voltage becomes lower than over-charge detector threshold.
However, depending on the characteristics of external components such as MOSFETs, release conditions may be not enough just removing a charger from the battery pack. In that case, a kind of load must be set to release the over-charge detect.
If a charger is continuously connected to the battery pack, even if the cell voltage becomes lower than over-charge detector threshold, over-charge state is not released.
After detecting over-discharge voltage, connect a charger to the battery pack, and when the battery supply voltage becomes higher than over-discharge detector threshold, the R5486 is released and the voltage of DOUT pin becomes “H”. If the battery is discharged to 0V, recharge current is not acceptable. Once after detecting excess discharge-current or short circuit, the R5486 is released and DOUT level becomes “H” with detaching a battery pack from a load system. After detecting over-discharge, supply current is kept extremely low by halting internal circuits' operation.
When the output of COUT is "H", by setting the V- pin between -3.0V and the delay shortening mode voltage (Typ. -2.0V), the output delay can be shortened. Especially, the delay time of over charge detector can be reduced into approximately 1/100. Thus, testing time of protector circuit board can be reduced. Output type of COUT and DOUT is CMOS.
|Absolute Maximum Rating||30 V|
|Supply current (At normal mode)||TYP. 4.0 µA|
|Supply current (At standby mode)||MAX. 0.1 µA|
|Detector thresholds accuracy||Over-charge detector threshold||±20 mV|
|Over-discharge detector threshold||±35 mV|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 1 (VDET31)||±8% (VDET31 ≥ 0.038 V)|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 1 (VDET31)||±3.1 mV (VDET31 < 0.038 V) *Note1|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 2 (VDET32)||±8% (VDET32 ≥ 0.038 V)|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 2 (VDET32)||±3.1 mV (VDET32 < 0.038 V) *Note2|
|Short detector threshold||±45 mV|
|Excess charge current threshold||±15% (VDET4 ≤ -0.02 V)|
|Excess charge current threshold||±3 mV (VDET4 > -0.02 V) *Note3|
|Detector thresholds range||Over-charge detector threshold||4.1 V ~ 4.5 V step of 0.005 V|
|Over-discharge detector threshold||2.1 V ~ 3.0 V step of 0.005 V|
|Short detector threshold||0.15 V ~ 0.30 V step of 0.01 V|
|Excess charge current threshold||-0.060 V ~ -0.015 V step of 0.001 V|
|Maximum Operating Voltage for Inhibition of Charger||0.7 V or 1.5 V|
|Detector thresholds range (R5486KxxxCG)||Excess discharge current threhhold 1 (VDET31)||0.015 V ~ 0.046 V step of 0.001 V|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 2 (VDET32)||0.030 V ~ 0.080 V step of 0.001 V *Note4|
|Detector thresholds range (R5486KxxxCM)||Excess discharge current threhhold 1 (VDET31)||disable|
|Excess discharge current threhhold 2 (VDET32)||0.025 V ~ 0.080 V step of 0.001 V|
|Output delay time||Over-charge detector Output Delay||1.0 s|
|Over-discharge detector Output Delay||20 ms|
|Excess discharge current detector Output Delay 2||12 ms|
|Excess charge current detector Output Delay||16 ms|
|Short detector Output Delay||250 µs|
|Output delay time (R5486KxxxCG)||Excess discharge current detector Output Delay 1||3 s, 4 s or 5 s (selectable)|
|Functions||0V-battery charge option||unacceptable|
|Output Delay Time Shorting Function||At COUT is “H”, if V- level is set at –2.0 V, the Output Delay time of detect the over-charge and over-discharge can be reduced. (Delay Time for over-charge becomes about 1/100 of normal state.)|
|Conditions for release over-charge detector||Latch type|
|Conditions for release over-discharge detector||Latch type|
*1: The package file includes package dimensions, taping specifications, taping reels dimensions, power dissipations, and land pattern (foot pattern).
*2: Reliability file includes a reliability test report and a reflow profile.